- Requirements: In all competitions, the mat area shall conform to the following
- Size: The minimum size shall be 4.9m and the maximum size 6.10m inside the line
of the border line.
RULE II: GLOVES
- Authorized Gloves: Athletes shall wear the gloves which the organizer of the competition has placed at their disposal and which have been approved by the Executive Committee of USMF. Athletes are not allowed to wear their own gloves.
- Specification: The gloves shall weigh 10 ounces (284 grams) of which the leather portion shall not weigh more than half of the total weight and the padding not less than half the total weight. The padding of the gloves shall not be displaced or broken. Only clean and serviceable gloves shall be used.
- USMF glove supervision: All gloves and bandages shall be fitted under the supervision of 1 or 2 knowledgeable officials appointed for that purpose who will see that all the rules have been strictly adhered to. They will delegate security duties to ensure that all rules are observed until the athletes enter the ring.
- When to remove USMF gloves: The gloves shall be taken off immediately after the bout is over and before the decision is announced.
RULE III: BANDAGES
- Specifications: Standard hand wraps 108 cm or 180 cm. The use of any kind of tapes -rubber or adhesive plaster, as bandages, is strictly forbidden, but a single strap of achieve 7.5 cm long and 2.5 wide may be used at the upper wrists to secure the hand wraps.
RULE IV: DRESS CODE
- Authorized Dress: Athletes shall be dressed in accordance with the following:
- Clothing: The athlete must wear muaythai shorts
- Mongkon & Prajiad: Athletes must wear the sacred headband (Mongkon) for
paying homage before entering the ring. A Krueng-Wrang (Prajiad/arm band)
with an amulet or charm may be worn around the upper arm, biceps or waist
but must be neatly covered. The Mongkon & Prajiad are an athlete’s personal
- Gum shields: Gum shields shall be worn by all athletes before they begin fighting.
The gum shield should be form-fitted. It is forbidden for an athlete to intentionally remove their gum shield during the contest and if the athlete does so, the athlete shall be warned or
disqualified. If an athlete has his gum shield knocked out, the referee shall take the athlete to the athlete’s corner – have the gum shield cleaned and returned to its proper position. While this is being done, the second is not allowed to talk to his/her athlete.
- Groin protectors: The use of the groin guard is mandatory. For male athletes, a
metal groin protector shall be worn, a jockstrap may be worn in addition. For female athletes, a female groin protector made from foam shall be worn. To observe hygiene, all athletes both male and female must have their own groin protectors. Should the athletes’ own groin protectors not pass official inspection before the bout, they may use one from the area where they receive the equipment.
- Head-guard: The head-guard is an individual and form fitted item of the athlete’s
equipment. Should the athlete’s own head-guard not pass official inspection
before the bout, they may use one from the area they receive equipment
provided by the organizing committee. The use of the head-guard is mandatory.
It shall conform to USMF specifications. Athletes must come into the ring without
their head guard - only after having been presented to the audience and Wai Kru
has been completed should they put it on. The head guard shall be taken off
immediately after the bout is over and before the decision is announced.
- Shin guards and elbow guards: The use of shin guards and elbow guards is
mandatory. This shall conform to USMF specifications as it is the responsibility
of the organizing committee to provide shin guards and elbow guards to the
- Body protector: The use of body protectors is mandatory for all Youth divisions. It shall conform with USMF specifications as it is the responsibility of the organizing committee to provide body protectors to the athlete.
- Head and body cover: Head and body covers may be worn by athletes to comply with
cultural understanding and shall consist of the following: An optional body suit (two
piece, tights and top/body suit) of white colored material (one color only) allowing
covering of the legs to the ankles and covering the arms to the wrists. A head covering
such as a full sport hijab similar to the ResportOn design or an individual skull cap of
white colored material), or an optional body suit (two piece) of a light color material
covering the legs and arms to the ankles and wrists, as well as a full sport hijab. Only
USMF approved attire can be used to participate in the competitions.
- Prohibited objects:
The use of grease, Vaseline, rubbing lineament or products likely to be
harmful or objectionable to an opponent on the arms or any other part of the
body is forbidden. A reasonable amount of Vaseline is permitted on the face only
for the purpose of reducing the risk of cuts.
Athletes shall be clean-shaven: Beards and moustaches are not allowed.
- Dress infraction: A referee shall exclude from the bout any athlete who is not wearing the head-guard, groin-guard, gum shield, shin guard, mongkon, elbow guard, and obligatory body protector as well or whoever is not clean and properly dressed. In the event of the athletes’ glove or dress becoming undone during the bout, the referee shall stop the contest to have it attended to.
RULE V: MAT AREA EQUIPMENT
Requirements: The following ring equipment shall be available:
⦁ Table and chairs for officials.
⦁ Gong (with striker) or bell.
⦁ One (preferably two) stop watches.
⦁ Pads of scoring paper conforming to the pattern drawn up by USMF. No need for such
papers if an electronic judging system is used.
⦁ One microphone connected to the loudspeaker system and another for back up.
RULE VI: WEIGH-IN AND WEIGHT CLASSIFICATION FOR
*Please See Below Rules
- Weigh in
The following shall be the regulations regarding the weigh-in:
The contestants in all weight divisions shall be required to be ready to weigh in on the
first morning of the competition or day before the first competition day as specified by
USMF. The weight is the one shown by the attested scale. The male athlete being in light
underwear only and female athlete in light underwear and a bra top.
RULE VIII: WAI KRU AND ROUNDS
8.1 Wai Kru: Before the first round, every athlete must perform the traditional muaythai ritual of homage “Wai Kru” according to the customs of muaythai. It is not permitted to perform any other form of martial art ritual that is not a conventional part of the art of muaythai. The athletes must at a minimum complete the basic fundamental elements of Wai Kru. The traditional muaythai musical instruments: java pipe, small cymbals and two drums will accompany the ritual. If a live band is not available, it is permissible to use muaythai music played from a DVD or any other electronic source.
For Junior 14-15 & Junior 16-17 it will be 3 rounds of 2 minutes each. A full 1 minute of
rest shall be given between the rounds.
For Junior 12-13 it will be 3 rounds of 1 minute and 30 seconds each. A full 1 minute of
rest shall be given between the rounds.
For Junior 6-11 it will be 3 rounds of 1 minute each. A full 1 minute of rest shall be given
between the rounds.
Stopping of the contest for warnings, cautions, counting, putting clothing or equipment
into order or for any other reason is not included in the period of round. No additional
round may be given.
RULE IX: THE SECOND
- Rules: Each competitor is entitled to 2 seconds who shall be governed by the following rules:
- The second, while officiating in the corner, shall be in possession of a towel for
the athlete. Only one second in competition area. A second may give up for a competitor, and may, when he considers his athlete to be in difficulties, throw the towel into the ring - except when the referee is in the course of counting.
- The chairman of the R/J commission at each tournament shall arrange a joint
meeting of the R/J’s and the seconds who are going to work in each tournament
and emphasize that USMF rules will be followed. A second whom is in violation of
the rules will be disqualified and/or may cause the athlete to be warned or
- No bad advice, bad assistance or bad encouragement shall be given to an athlete
by a second during the progress of the rounds. If a second violates the rules,
he/she may be warned or disqualified. His/her athlete may also be cautioned,
warned or disqualified by the referee for offences committed by his/her seconds.
Any second or official encouraging or inciting spectators by words or signs to
advise or encourage an athlete during the progress of a round shall not be
permitted to continue to act as a second at the tournament where the offense
is committed. If a second is removed by the referee from the corner, he/she shall
not officiate any more in that session of the competition. Once such an official is
removed from the corner by the referee, he/she shall leave the boxing hall for
the remainder of the session. If this happens during a tournament he/she is
removed as a second for that tournament.
- Seconds Attire: No inappropriate clothing is allowed. Shirt with profanity will not be permitted.
RULE X: REFEREES AND JUDGES
- Referee: Each contest shall be controlled by an USMF approved referee who shall officiate in the ring but shall not mark a scoring paper.
- Judges: Each contest shall be marked by 3 USMF judges who shall be seated separately from the public and immediately adjacent to the mat.
- Neutrality: To ensure neutrality, the names of the referee and the judges for each contest shall be selected by the Panel of Jury in accordance with the following directives:
- That each such official shall be an approved referee/judge.
- That each such official shall be of different gym then of the athletes taking part in the contest.
- In the event of it being impossible for the Panel of Jury to apply the above
directives in a particular case they shall resolve the difficulty by ensuring as far as it may
be possible the neutrality and impartiality of the officials appointed, and shall report
the matter as soon as convenient to the USMF.
- Conflict of interest: Persons acting as referees or judges in any contest or tournament
shall not at any time during the same contest or series of contests act as team manager,
trainer or second to any athlete or team of athletes taking part in such a contest or
series of contests or so act in a contest in which a competitor of their nationality is taking
- Disciplinary Action: The USMF, or its duly
authorized representative may, upon the recommendation of the Panel of Jury,
dispense (temporarily or permanently), with the services of any referee who, in its
opinion, does not efficiently enforce the rules of USMF, or any judge whose marking or
scoring of contests it considers not to be satisfactory.
- Replacing the referee during the bout: If a referee is incapacitated in the course of a
bout, the timekeeper shall strike the gong to stop the bout and the next available
neutral referee on the IFMA international list shall be instructed to control the bout and
order boxing to be resumed.
RULE XII: THE JURY AND TECHNICAL OFFICIALS
- The USMF Jury, may also take any immediate action they consider necessary to deal
with circumstances which would prevent proper conduct of a competition at
- The acting Jury will consult the commission of refereeing and judging with
regards to any decisions or recommendations they may be required to take.
- Should an athlete commit a serious and deliberate offense that is contrary to
the spirit of sportsmanship, the Jury has the right to recommend the Executive
Committee to declare him/her ineligible for competition for a specific period of
time. The Executive Committee or Continental Bureau may deprive him/her of a
medal or prize already won in that competition.
- Overruling the Referee and/or Judges: Decisions of a referee and/or judge may
be overruled by the Jury in the following ways;
(a) When the referee has given a decision which is clear and against the
Articles and Rules of USMF (when considering such an incident, the Jury
may use a videotape recorder or any other electronic piece of
equipment/recording device, etc.).
(b) When it is obvious that the judges have a made a mistake on their score
sheets which results in a wrong verdict.
- Protests: A protest can be lodged by the manager of a team within thirty (30) minutes after. If the Jury agrees to review, necessary action may be taken on the matter.
RULE XIII: THE REFEREE
- Primary concern: The care of the athlete is the primary concern of the referee.
- Duties: The referee shall officiate in the ring. He/she shall be dressed in USMF Uniform Shirt.
The referee shall:
- See that the rules and fair play are strictly observed
- Maintain control of the contest at all its stages.
- Prevent a weak athlete from receiving undue and unnecessary punishment.
- Check the gloves and dress.
- Shall use 3 words of command:
- “Yoot” (“Stop”) when ordering the athletes to stop fighting.
- “Chok” (“Box”) when ordering them to continue.
- “Yaek” (“Break”) when breaking a clinch, upon which command each
athlete shall step back before continuing fighting.
- The referee shall indicate to an athlete by suitable explanatory signs of gestures
any infringement of the rules.
- At the end of a contest collect and check the papers of the 3 Judges where
applicable; after checking the referee shall hand these papers to the President
of the Jury, or on occasions when there is no Jury, to the announcer.
- The referee shall not indicate the winner, by raising an athlete’s hand or
otherwise, until the announcement has been made. When the winner of the bout
is announced, the referee shall raise the hand of the winning athlete.
- When the referee has disqualified an athlete or stopped the bout, he/she shall
first inform the President of the Jury which athlete has been disqualified or the
reason for which he has stopped the bout, to enable the President to instruct
the announcer to make the decision correctly known to the public.
- Powers of the Referee. The Referee is empowered:
- To terminate a contest at any stage if he/she considers it too one-sided.
- To terminate a contest at any stage if one of the athletes has received an injury
on account of which the referee decides he/she should not continue.
- To terminate a contest at any stage if he/she considers the contestants are not
in earnest. In such case he may disqualify one or both contestants.
- To caution an athlete or to stop the fight during a contest and administer a
warning to an athlete against fouls or for any other reason in the interests of fair
play, or to ensure compliance with the rules.
- To disqualify an athlete who fails to comply immediately with his orders, or
behaves towards him in an offensive or aggressive manner at any time.
- To disqualify a second who has infringed the rules and the athlete himself/herself
if the second does not comply with the referee’s orders.
- With or without previous warning, to disqualify a contestant for committing a
- In the event of a knockdown, to suspend a count, if an athlete deliberately fails
to retire to a neutral corner or delays to do so.
- To interpret the rules insofar as they are applicable or relevant to the actual
contest to decide and take action on any circumstance of the contest which is
not covered by a rule.
- Warning: If an athlete infringes the rules but does not merit disqualification for such
infringement, the referee shall stop the contest and shall issue a warning to the
offender. As a preliminary to a warning, the referee shall order the athletes to stop. The
warning shall be clearly given and in such a way that the athlete understands the reason
and the purpose of the warning. The referee shall signal with his hand to each of the
judges that a special warning has been given and shall clearly indicate to them the
athlete whom he has warned. After giving the warning, the referee shall order the
athletes to “CHOK”. If an athlete is given 3 warnings in a contest, he/she shall be
- Cautions: A referee may caution an athlete. A caution is in the nature of advice or
admonition given by the referee to an athlete to check or prevent undesirable practices
of the less serious infringements of the rules. To do so, the referee will not necessarily
stop the contest but may avail of a suitable safe opportunity during a round to admonish
an athlete for an infringement of the rules.
RULE XIV: JUDGES
- Dress: The judges shall be dressed USMF assigned shirt. Appropriate jackets may be
worn when authorized. Eye glasses can be used if required.
- Each judge shall independently judge the merits of the 2 contestants and shall
decide the winner according to the rules.
- A judge shall not speak to a contestant (or competitor. see point 3) or to another
judge, nor to anyone else except the referee during the contest, but may, if it is
necessary, at the end of a round, bring to the notice of the referee any incident
which (the referee) may appear not to have noticed, such as the misconduct of a
- The number of points awarded to each competitor shall be entered by a judge
on his/her scoring paper immediately after the end of each round.
- At the end of the bout a judge shall total the points, nominate a winner and sign
his/her scoring paper and his/her verdict shall be made known to the public.
- The judge shall not leave his/her seat until the verdict has been announced to
RULE XV: TIMEKEEPER AND ANNOUNCER
- Duties of the Timekeeper:
- The main duty of the timekeeper is to regulate the number and duration of the
rounds, the intervals between rounds. The intervals between rounds shall be of
a full (1) minute duration.
- The timekeeper shall commence and end each round by striking the gong or bell.
- Indicate or give a signal of 10 seconds to clear the ring before the
commencement of each round.
- The timekeeper shall take off time for temporary stoppages or when instructed
to do so by the referee.
- The timekeeper shall regulate all periods of time and counts by a watch or clock.
- At a “Knock-down” the timekeeper shall signal to the referee with his/her hand
the passing of the seconds while the referee is counting.
- If, at the end of a round, an athlete is “down” and the referee is in the course of
counting, the gong indicating the end of the round will not be sounded. The gong
will be sounded only when the referee gives the command “CHOK” indicating the
continuation of the match.
- Duties of Announcer:
- Announce the name, club or country, weight and corner of both athletes to the
public whenever they appear in the ring.
- 10 seconds before the commencement of each round he/she shall clear the ring
by ordering “clear the ring” or “seconds out”.
- Announce the beginning and ending of each round.
- Announce the result of the competition and name of the winner.
- Position: They shall be seated directly at the ringside.
RULE XVI: DECISIONS
Decisions shall be as follows:
- Win on points: At the end of a contest, the athlete who has been awarded the decision
by a majority of the judges shall be declared the winner. If both athletes are injured, or
are knocked-out simultaneously, and cannot continue the contest, the Judges shall
record the points gained by each athlete up to its termination, the competitor with the
most points shall be declared the winner.
- Win by Retirement: If an athlete retires immediately after the rest between rounds,
his/her opponent shall be declared the winner.
- Win by Referee Stopping Contest (RSC):
(a) Outclassed: RSC is the term used to stop a bout when an athlete is outclassed
or is unfit to continue. If an athlete, in the opinion of the referee is being
outclassed or is receiving excessive punishment, the bout shall be stopped
and his/her opponent declared the winner.
i. If an athlete, in the opinion of the referee, is unfit to continue due to
injury sustained from correct hits or other action or is incapacitated
for any other physical reasons, the bout shall be stopped and his/her
opponent declared the winner. The right to make this decision rests
with the referee, who may consult the doctor. Having consulted the
doctor, the referee must follow his/her advice. It is recommended
that the referee checks the other athlete for injury also before he/she
makes this decision.
ii. When a referee calls a doctor into the ring to examine an athlete,
only these 2 officials should be present. No seconds should be
allowed into the ring or on the apron.
iii. If the injury should happen in the final round of a gold medal bout,
the winner will be decided on majority points scored from all
preceding rounds only.
(c) Referee Stopping Contest for Head Injuries (RSCH): When an athlete has
received hard head blows or hits to the head rendering the athlete
defenseless and incapable of continuing the contest. The term RSCH is not
to be used when an athlete is simply outclassed and is receiving too many
scoring hits without scoring himself/herself.
Updated JAN 2017 36
(d) Referee Stopping Contest for Body Injuries (RSCB): When an athlete has
received a hard hit to any part of the body except the head rendering the
athlete defenseless and incapable of continuing the contest.
(e) Compulsory Count Limits (CCL): For Youth 16-17 competitors the
CCL will be 2 counts in the same round or 3 counts for the whole bout. For
Youth 6-11, Youth 12-13, Youth 14-15 the CCL will be 2 counts no matter if
it is in the same round or for a whole bout.
- Win by Disqualification: If an athlete is disqualified, his/her opponent shall be declared the
winner. If both athletes are disqualified, the decision shall be announced accordingly. A
disqualified athlete shall not be entitled to any prize, medal, trophy, honorable award
or grading, relating to any stage of the competition in which the athlete has been
disqualified, provided that in exceptional cases, it shall be open to the Executive
Committee (or in their absence, the jury and where there shall be no Jury, to the person
or persons responsible for the conduct of the event in which the disqualification occurs),
to rule otherwise. But, all such decisions, where not made by the Executive Committee,
shall be subject to review and confirmation on receiving such report of the incident as it
- Win by Knockout: If an athlete is “down” and fails to resume boxing within 10 seconds,
the athlete’s opponent shall be declared the winner by knockout.
16.6 No Contest: About may be terminated by the referee inside the scheduled distance owing
to a material happening outside the responsibility of the athletes, or the control of the
referee, such as the ring becoming damaged, the failure of the lighting supply,
exceptional weather conditions, etc. In such circumstances, the bout shall be declared
“no contest” and in the case of Championships, the Jury shall decide the necessary further
- Win by Walk-over: Where an athlete presents himself/herself in the ring fully attired for
boxing and his/her opponent fails to appear after his/her name has been called out by the
public address system, the bell sounded and a maximum period of 2 minutes has elapsed,
the referee shall declare the first athlete to be the winner by a “Walk-over”. The referee
shall first inform the judges to mark their papers accordingly, collect them and then
summon the athlete to the center of the ring and after the decision is announced, raise
the athlete’s hand as winner.
- A draw (Dual Matches only): 2 clubs or 2 nations in a friendly Dual Match may agree to a
draw decision, when the majority of the judges have scored the competition equally.
- Incidents in the ring outside the control of the referee:
- If something happens that does not allow the bout to continue within 1 minute
after the bell has rung for the beginning of the first or second round (e.g. power
failure), the bout shall be stopped and the athletes will box again in the last bout
of the same session.
- If the incident occurs in the third round of a bout, the contest shall be terminated
and the judges are asked to give a decision as to the winner of the bout.
- If the incident occurs in the last 3 bouts of a session on the program, the athletes
shall be asked to box the first bout on the program of the next session. The
athlete shall be weighed and medically examined again for that bout.
RULE XVII: AWARDING OF POINTS
- Awarding of points: The points will be awarded whenever the athlete hits the opponent
by punching, kicking, kneeing or elbowing with force, and lands on target, no
infringement without being blocked or guarded against. The target for muaythai means
any part of the body except for the HEAD and groin. *YDL NO HEAD CONTACT
- Ten Points System: 10 points shall be awarded for each round. No fraction of points may
be given. At the end of each round, the better (more skillful in muaythai) athlete shall
receive 10 points and his/her opponent proportionately less. When athletes are equal
in merit, each shall receive 10 points.
- Steps for awarding points:
- An athlete wins the round by hitting more using muaythai skill than their
- An athlete wins the round when using more forceful muaythai skill than the
- An athlete wins the round when showing less exhaustion or less bruising than
- An athlete wins the round when showing more aggression than their opponent.
- An athlete wins the round when using a better muaythai style than their
- An athlete wins the round when having less infringement of the rules than their
- Non awarding of points
- Hitting with a lack of muaythai skills.
- Hits which are blocked by the opponent’s arms or legs.
- Hitting with lack of force even when those hits have landed on target.
- Throwing the opponent without hitting.
- Hitting while infringing any of the rules.
- Scoring system:
- 10 points will be awarded to the athlete who wins the round, and the opponent
proportionately less (9-8-7 respectively).
- 10 points will be awarded to each athlete if they are even in the round.
- The athlete who wins the round by a small margin will receive 10 points, the
opponent will receive 9 points.
- The athlete who wins the round by a big margin will receive 10 points; the
opponent will receive 8 point or 7 points respectively.
- The athlete will lose 1 point if he receives 1 warning. That warning point may be
awarded to the opponent if the judges are in agreement.
- Concerning Fouls:
- Referee warning: If the referee warns one of the athletes, the judges may award
a point to the other competitor. When a judge decides to award a point to an
athlete for a foul committed by his/her opponent for which the latter has been
warned by the referee, he shall place a “W” in the appropriate column against
the point of the warned competitor to show that he/she has done so. If the judge
decided not to award a point, he/she shall in the appropriate column, place the
letter “x” against the points allotted for that round to the warned athlete
indicating the reason he/she has done so.
- Other: During each round a judge shall assess the seriousness of and shall impose
an appropriate scoring penalty for any foul witnessed by him/her whether or not
the referee has observed such foul. If a judge observes a foul apparently
unnoticed by the referee, and imposes an appropriate penalty on the offending
athlete, he/she shall indicate that he/she has done so by placing in the
appropriate column the letter “J” against the points of the offending athlete, and
indicating the reasons why he/she has done so.
- End of Contest: If, at the end of a contest and having marked each round in accordance
with directives, a judge finds that the athletes are equal in points, the judge shall award
the decision to the athlete:
- Who has shown the most aggression or who has shown the better style of
muaythai or if equal in that respect.
- Who has shown the better defense (blocking, parrying, side-stepping, etc.) by
which the opponent’s attacks have been made to miss.
- A winner must be nominated in all tournaments. In Dual Matches, a draw
decision may be awarded.
RULE XVIII: FOULS
- Cautions, Warnings, and Disqualifications: An athlete who does not obey the
instructions of the referee, acts against the competition rules, boxes in any
unsportsmanlike manner, or commits fouls, can at the discretion of the referee, be
cautioned, warned or disqualified without warning.
A referee may, without stopping a contest, caution an athlete at some safe opportunity.
If the referee intends to warn an athlete, he/she shall stop the contest, and will
demonstrate the infringement. The referee will then point to the athlete and to each of
the 5 or 3 judges.
A referee having once administered a warning for a particular foul cannot issue a
caution for the same type of offence. Three (3) cautions of the same type of foul will
mandatorily require a warning to be issued.
Only 3 warnings may be given to the same athlete in one contest. The third warning
brings automatic disqualification.
- Types of fouls:
- Biting, head-butting, spitting at an opponent, pressing on opponent’s eyes with
- Intentionally spitting out the gum shield.
- Throwing, bending the back of opponent with Judo or Wrestling techniques.
- Falling over while the opponent is lying on the floor.
- Attacking the opponent who is down or who is in the act of rising.
- Attacking while holding the ropes or making any unfair use of the ropes.
- Locking of the opponent’s arm or head.
- Completely passive defense by means of double cover and intentionally falling
to avoid a hit.
- Useless, aggressive, or offensive utterance during the round.
- Not stepping back when ordered to “Yaek”. Attempting to hit the opponent
immediately after the referee has ordered “Yaek” and before taking a step
- Assaulting or behaving in an aggressive manner towards the referee at any
- Kneeing the groin of the opponent, if the athlete is unintentionally hit by
muaythai skill and unable to continue the fight, the referee will pause the fight
for 5 minutes to allow the hit athlete to take a rest. If the athlete refuses to
resume the fight after 5 minutes rest he (she) will be declared as the “loser”.
- Holding the opponent’s leg and pushing forward more than 1 step without
attacking with any one of the muaythai skills.
- Intentionally falling down to avoid being hit while his/her leg is held by the
- Using any kind of forbidden substance acknowledged by World Anti-Doping
Agency (WADA) or IFMA Anti- Doping Code.
- Seconds: Each athlete can be held responsible for his/her seconds’ actions.
- Referee consults Judges: If a referee has any reason to believe that a foul has been
committed which the referee has not seen, he/she may consult the judges.
- Athlete intentionally stepping out of bounds during contest. In the event where one or
both athletes go out of bounds they will be restarted in the center of the mat area.
RULE XIX: KNOCK-DOWN
- Definition: An athlete is considered “down”:
- If an athlete touches the floor with any part of his body other than his/her feet
as the result of a hit or series of hits.
- If an athlete hangs helplessly on the ropes as the result of a hit or series of hits.
- If an athlete is outside or partly outside the ropes as the result of a hit or series
- If following a hard hit an athlete has not fallen and is not lying on the ropes, but
is in a semi-conscious state and cannot, in the opinion of the referee, continue
- The Count: In the case of a knock-down, the referee shall immediately begin to count
the seconds. When an athlete is “down” the referee shall count aloud from one(1) to
ten(10) in Thai language:
NUENG = ONE
SONG = TWO
SAAM = THREE
SII = FOUR
HAH = FIVE
HOK = SIX
JED = SEVEN
BAED = EIGHT
KOUW = NINE
SIB = TEN
The referee shall have intervals of a second between the numbers, and shall indicate
each second with his/her hand in such a manner that the athlete who has been knocked
down may be aware of the count. Before the number “NUENG” is counted, an interval
of one second must have elapsed from the time when the athlete has fallen to the floor,
and the time of announcing “NUENG”.
If the opponent does not go to the neutral corner on the command of the referee, the
referee shall stop counting until the opponent has done so. The counting shall be then
continued where it has been interrupted. The judge shall enter on his/her scoring sheet
“KD” (Knock Down) when the referee had given a count to any of the 2 athletes. When
the athlete is considered “down” due to a hit to the head, the judge shall then enter
“KD+H” (Knock Down to the head) on his/her scoring sheet.
- Opponent’s responsibilities: If an athlete is down, his/her opponent must at once go to
the neutral corner as designated by the referee. He/she may only continue against the
opponent who is knocked down after the latter has gotten up and on the command
- Mandatory 8 count: When an athlete is “down” as the result of being hit, the bout shall
not be continued until the referee has reached the count of BAED (8), even if the athlete
is ready to continue before then.
- The Knock-out: After the referee has counted to “SIB” (10) the bout ends and shall be
decided as a “knock-out”.
- An athlete down at end of round: In the event of an athlete being “down” at the end of
a round, the referee shall continue to count. Should the referee count up to 10, the
athlete shall be deemed to have lost the bout by a “knock-out” if the athlete is fit to
resume boxing before the count of 10 is reached, the referee shall immediately use the
- The Second time an athlete goes down without a fresh hit: If an athlete is “down” as the
result of a hit and the bout is continued after the count of BAED (8) has been reached,
but the athlete falls again without having received a fresh hit, the referee shall continue
the counting from the count of PAED (8) at which the athlete has stopped.
- Both athletes down: If both athletes go down at the same time, counting will be
continued as long as one of them is still down. If both athletes remain down until
“SIB”(10) the bout will be stopped and the decision given in accordance with the points
awarded up to the time of the knock-down.
- Athlete fails to resume: An athlete who fails to resume boxing immediately after the
termination of the rest interval, or who when knocked down by a hit, fails to resume
within 10 seconds, shall lose the contest.
RULE XXI: SHAKING OF HANDS
- Purpose: Before beginning and after a bout, athletes shall shake hands in a proper
manner, as a sign of a purely sporting and friendly rivalry in accordance with the boxing
- Authorized Times: The shaking of hands takes place before beginning the first round and
after the announcing of the results. Any further shaking of hands between the rounds
6-9 Yr old will follow 10-11 Charts KG. Those weighing under will be matched with appropriate weight